نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه حقوق، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران.
2 استادیار، گروه حقوق، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران. (نویسنده مسؤول)
3 استادیار، گروه حقوق، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this research is the comparative study of Iran's criminal policy regarding drug crimes in the addendum of Article 45 with Convention of 1988, which is carried out by a descriptive-analytical and library-documentary method. The research results show that the legislator's excessive recourse to severe punishments, including long-term imprisonment and execution, is clearly seen in the law and always included in the anti-narcotics programs in the criminal policies of the post-revolution era. Despite joining the 1988 Vienna Convention and international opposition to heavy punishments, including execution, this procedure still remains in force. The elements related to drugs in Article 45 are around the reduction of punishment about drug crimes, including the use of weapons, having a leadership role, having a record of definite conviction, the possession of a certain weight of the substances that are the subject of the crime, and the use of children and insane persons.